19. CROMWELL: ENGLAND’S PROTECTOR

Although he styled himself ‘His Highness’, adopted the court ritual of his royal predecessors, and lived in the former royal palaces of Whitehall and Hampton Court, Oliver Cromwell was not a king. Yet, as David Horspool will eloquently show, Cromwell, the Puritan son of Cambridgeshire gentry, wielded such influence that it would be a pretence to say that power really lay with the collective.